About Me

Retired chief investment officer and former NYSE firm partner with 50 plus years experience in field as analyst / economist, portfolio manager / trader, and CIO who has superb track record with multi $billion equities and fixed income portfolios. Advanced degrees, CFA. Having done much professional writing as a young guy, I now have a cryptic style. 40 years down on and around The Street confirms: CAVEAT EMPTOR IN SPADES !!!

Sunday, July 14, 2019

Key Economic Factors For The Markets

The growth of monetary liquidity has been shrinking until recently. The shrinkage was severe
enough to force the US economy to rely on private sector funding to underwrite growth. Recently,
the Fed has backed away from its policy of strong liquidity tightening, which was adopted to
reduce the mammoth increase in the size of the Fed's balance sheet (Fed Credit) and the flip side
swelling of excess bank reserves. Fed Credit is still so large as to represent a major long term
inflation threat, but with the economy slowing down to a crawl, the Fed has decided to relent for
now. Liquidity growth is improving, but only mildly so, and is not yet nearly strong enough to
support more than a very mild resumption of economic and profits growth. Faster monetary
liquidity growth now seems inadequate to fund both improved economic growth and sustainable
rallies in the capital markets.

The Fed is clearly leaning toward reducing short term interest rates before too long, but take
note that Wall Street is particularly bad at guessing Fed intent. If the Fed moves to cut rates
in the weeks and months ahead, there could be an additional shot of liquidity to the system as
as the Fed moves to assure an orderly transition to a lower rate structure. In this event, stocks
could receive an additional mild positive jolt.

On the other parched palm, if the Fed opts to toss caution to the wind and run with a more
liberal policy, the US Dollar will sink in value and the long dormant commodities market will
likely perk up. The gold price would receive a nice boost while the bond market could weaken
sharply, leading to a return to a distinctly positive yield curve that would no doubt surprise

The performance of the US economy in 2019 has been dicey and it is not clear now whether
an easing of the monetary reins will be sufficient to assure that the US economy will firm up
enough to satisfy expectations built in to the new, lofty level of share prices. Such may well
be the case if the Fed keeps liquidity growth mild and does not open the tap as it might if a
full fledged recession needed to be tackled.

Tuesday, July 02, 2019

SPX -- Mid - Year, 2019

The SPX has reached an interesting point at present and from several perspectives. My forward
looking economic indicators have been signaling a slowdown in real growth was in prospect for
well over a year (confirmed). The business profits indicators have been warning of a flattening
of profits over much of the same period, and with a trend of weakening pricing power, profits for
the second half of the year could dip lower. On the flip side, the Fed has backed off further from
major quantitative tightening of excess system reserves and this has led to an improvement in the
growth of monetary liquidity. Moreover, the Fed and other major central banks have indicated
they may be prepared to cut short term interest rates, especially if trade disputes continue to
suppress economic growth. The improvement in the trend of monetary liquidity is a market
positive for sure, but the timing of such a turn as a a market support and booster is hard to gauge.

From my perspective, as the SPX approaches the 3000 level, it is becoming increasingly over-
valued and is overbought against its 40 wk m/a, which by the way, has yet to turn up in a
meaningful way. To top it off, the SPX is threatening to reverse positively on its very important
longer term MACD measure (bottom panel of the chart).  SPX Weekly

Market players are arguing briskly about prospects for the remainder of 2019 and for good

Tuesday, June 25, 2019

Gold Price

Gold made a significant low around the end of 2015. By my pro-inflation indicators, the gold price
gain reflects partial recoveries in the price of oil and other industrial commodities. The US dollar
has weakened slightly in value over this time frame. As gold cycled along. it has scored steadily
higher lows, but has not experienced a sharp price breakout until recently.  Gold Price

The global economy has slowed in growth over the past year, and inflation has actually de-
celerated. It appears  then that the recent sharp rise in the gold price reflects a multi-cushion
billiard shot. As the economy has slowed and as US-China trade war tensions have continued,
major central banks are signaling they are prepared to ease monetary and credit conditions as
may be needed to keep the global economic expansion intact if even at a more moderate pace.
There is a geopolitical issue as well that could have major consequences for economies and
inflation too. I naturally refer to the stand-off between the US and Iran, with Iran now
suffering economic decline as a result of formidable sanctions imposed on the Its economy with
special focus on oil sales, Its cash inflow lifeline. Iran has rebuffed talking about how to get
sanctions relief and has grown belligerent instead. The US and Iran have have experienced
skirmishes before, but now we have strong economic sanctions in play coupled with Iran's
strengthened military capabilities. Iran can now make big time trouble not only in the Gulf
but across the Middle East as well. Rising tensions not only reflect Trump "reality TV"
bluster but an Iran that is being seriously squeezed economically with no visible off-ramp it
could easily tolerate. There are several ways this issue might be resolved short of military
action, but rash behavior in the Gulf area could easily touch off an incident where tension
could quickly turn into a fire fight. Many interested parties will be at G-20 this weekend in
Osaka this and the US v. Iran has been forced on to the docket.

There are some prospects for higher inflation ahead, but since visibility of said process is
currently zilch, gold players have to be careful not to get carried away with enthusiasm just
riding the current hype and keep eyes peeled on the fundamentals as they unfold.

Note that the chart shows the strongest weekly RSI for gold in several years. It is overbought.

Sunday, May 12, 2019

SPX -- Update

If the trade spat with China deepens, market players may want to re-assess their expectations for
the SPX. Additional punitive actions by both countries will nick earnings estimates for the
market, and likely higher inflation may cause investors to trim the SPX p/e ratio. China has
been running an elaborate stall on meeting the substantial reforms to Its economic policies and
practices demanded by team Trump. The week ended with anger expressed by both sides. Trump
promises deeper tariffs, but it might be more prudent for both sides to let the situation cool off
for a while so that tempers can be brought into check.

The SPX was overbought on a short term basis as we entered last week, so the escalation of
trade tensions provided a convenient excuse for traders to take some profits in the wake of the
furious run up in the market since late 2018.

My primary monetary liquidity measures suggest caution on economic and profits growth
estimates through 2020, and my weekly cyclical fundamental indicators remain on the flat side
dating back to early 2018. Fundamental support to raise short term interest rates further has
waned some because capacity utilization measures have eased and because my short term credit
supply / demand ratio is below levels that signal demand overheat. For now, I am keeping my
fair value estimate for the SPX at 2650.

To win re-election, Trump needs to press the Fed to keep short rates low and to be careful with
the continued application of tariffs on China. The Street is counting on him to do this. The
guys want to keep the market on the rise and also worry about what the Democrats might do
with tax rates on the wealthy and on business if they win big next year.

SPX Weekly

Tuesday, April 16, 2019

SPX -- Up Beats Down

The market has exceeded my expectations so far this year. At Christmas time 2018, the SPX was
sitting at 2350 and I posted that it was reasonably priced with a fair value set at 2650. I still
think this is a sound estimate of fair value and now regard the SPX as modestly overpriced. My
views on the economy have changed little since the Mar. 14 post (just below), and as I have
thought more about the fundamental outlook, I realize I could make a late cycle "thread the
needle" forecast of SPX 3000 based on low inflation and interest rates and an economy that
improves just enough over the next 12 months to produce some further slight improvement in
earnings, all underwritten by a continuation of sharply rising private sector short term credit
growth. This type of scenario would create a clear cut overpriced and well overextended SPX.
On top of all that, I think we can say with assurance that Trump will try to do whatever he
believes will keep the market  trending higher through 2020.

But, to be honest, we have had a damn fine run from the brink of disaster in 2009 and I am
more than happy with 2650 on the SPX. Moreover, I am finding it all boring and am perfectly
content to let others gild the lily.

A few years back, Tim Geithner, former head of the New York Fed, who partnered with Fed
Chairman Ben Bernanke and Treasury Secretary Jim Paulsen to engineer a bailout of the
financial system in 2008-09, said: "We saved the economy, but we lost the country." Prophetic
words indeed, and maybe the truth if Trump wins another four year term. Thinking about
what it may take  to build something decent and good in the US for future generations is
not boring like the stock market has become, and it's where I am spending my time these days.

Monday, March 04, 2019

Looking Ahead....

From my perspective, the outlook for the US economy is getting a little dicey. my favorite
financial liquidity measures have deteriorated markedly over the past year or so. Fed Bank Credit
and the Monetary Base continue to shrink. Real or inflation adjusted M-1 growth has been
declining and is now barely in positive territory. There is not sufficient financial liquidity in the
US system to support both real economic growth and a rising stock market on a sustainable basis.
On the plus side, private sector credit growth is still positive and short term interest rates have not
increased enough to assure development of a recession in the US. As well, the economic slow-
down may have suppressed some of the financial liquidity measures temporarily provided the
economy can regain more positive footing in the months ahead. In short, economic trouble may
lie ahead but it is not a lead pipe cinch. One also may reason that if more economic red flags
appear, The Fed may intervene with additional liquidity and cuts to short term rates. This is a
reasonable assumption, given Trump's willingness to challenge The Fed openly along with a
supporting cast of risk capital managers.

There is now a consensus that the US and China may strike a trade deal. If so, this will remove
an obvious negative for the global economy and it might help the prospects for US business
and corporate profits out through 2020 and beyond. But damage has been done to the US base
of liquidity and it remains an open question whether there will be enough benefit to put the US
economy on a more solid footing.

If a trade deal with China is struck, it will of course be quite interesting to see the details and
whether any concessions China may have made will be enforceable. Trump let economic issues
with China out of the bag, and if the deal lets China off the hook enforcement wise, figure the
Democrats will look for ways to make an issue of it.

If I was a younger guy actively managing money, I would likely be stuck selling the recent
rally and building a cash kitty to await improvement in the US liquidity environment.

The SPX chart still shows a near term overbought condition and trouble staying above the
2800 level.  SPX Daily

Wednesday, February 20, 2019

SPX -- Update

Back on Christmas '18, I opined that the stock market was quite reasonable down at 2350 and
that I was comfortable with SPX 2650 as a fair value call for 2019 - 2020. The market has
already jumped over that level, but I am not inclined to increase the fair value assumption at this
point in time. The evidence continues to point to decelerating US and  global economic and
profits growth in the year ahead and there is but a smattering of excess financial liquidity in the
system to fuel the stock market ahead as the real economy has been gobbling up the modest
liquidity available. On the bright side, inflation pressure has moderated and the Fed has taken Its
foot off the break. The up trends in interest rates in evidence in 2018 have broken down, thus
confirming the Fed's more dovish tone. But there is plenty that could still go wrong. There could
be a nasty Brexit, the US and China could still screw up the trade talks, and the global economy
could slow further and faster of its own. I am also a little nervous that there is such hard and fast
consensus that the inflation rate will not misbehave but stay gentle. I also do not like the wild
swings in investor sentiment in view since late 2017. In summary, I am conservative on SPX
earning power through 2020 and am carrying a lower p/e ratio estimate in the 2650 fair value
number (SPX eps projected around $160).

For the short term, the SPX is getting overbought and continues to have an unnaturally steep
positive trajectory.  SPX Daily